Blog Archives

Computing prediction ellipses from a covariance matrix

July 23, 2014
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Computing prediction ellipses from a covariance matrix

In a previous blog post, I showed how to overlay a prediction ellipse on a scatter plot in SAS by using the ELLIPSE statement in PROC SGPLOT. The ELLIPSE statement draws the ellipse by using a standard technique that assumes the sample is bivariate normal. Today's article describes the technique […]

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Add a prediction ellipse to a scatter plot in SAS

July 21, 2014
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Add a prediction ellipse to a scatter plot in SAS

It is common in statistical graphics to overlay a prediction ellipse on a scatter plot. This article describes two easy ways to overlay prediction ellipses on a scatter plot by using SAS software. It also describes how to overlay multiple prediction ellipses for subpopulations. What is a prediction ellipse? A […]

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How to create and detect an empty matrix

July 18, 2014
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How to create and detect an empty matrix

An empty matrix is a matrix that has zero rows and zero columns. At first "empty matrix" sounds like an oxymoron, but when programming in a matrix language such as SAS/IML, empty matrices arise surprisingly often. Sometimes empty matrices occur because of a typographical error in your program. If you […]

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The SAS/IML File Exchange is open

July 16, 2014
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The SAS/IML File Exchange is open

Have you written a SAS/IML program that you think is particularly clever? Are you the proud author of SAS/IML functions that extend the functionality of SAS software? You've worked hard to develop, debug, and test your program, so why not share it with others? There is now a central location […]

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A log transformation of positive and negative values

July 14, 2014
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A log transformation of positive and negative values

In my four years of blogging, the post that has generated the most comments is "How to handle negative values in log transformations." Many people have written to describe data that contain negative values and to ask for advice about how to log-transform the data. Today I describe a transformation […]

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Create custom tick marks for axes on the log scale

July 11, 2014
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Create custom tick marks for axes on the log scale

In my previous blog post, I showed how to use log axes on a scatter plot in SAS to better visualize data that range over several orders of magnitude. Because the data contained counts (some of which were zero), I used a custom transformation x → log10(x+1) to visualize the […]

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Scatter plots with logarithmic axes…and how to handle zeros in the data

July 9, 2014
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Scatter plots with logarithmic axes…and how to handle zeros in the data

If you are trying to visualize numerical data that range over several magnitudes, conventional wisdom says that a log transformation of the data can often result in a better visualization. This article shows several ways to create a scatter plot with logarithmic axes in SAS and discusses some of the […]

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An easy way to expand data by using frequencies

July 7, 2014
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An easy way to expand data by using frequencies

A few years ago I blogged about how to expand a data set by using a frequency variable. The DATA step in the article was simple, but the SAS/IML function was somewhat complicated and used a DO loop to expand the data. (Although a reader later showed how to avoid […]

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Pairwise comparisons of a data vector

July 2, 2014
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Pairwise comparisons of a data vector

A SAS customer showed me a SAS/IML program that he had obtained from a book. The program was taking a long time to run on his data, which was somewhat large. He was wondering if I could identify any inefficiencies in the program. The first thing I did was to […]

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Create standard statistical graphs from SAS/IML

June 30, 2014
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Create standard statistical graphs from SAS/IML

Last week I showed how to use the SUBMIT and ENDSUBMIT statements in the SAS/IML language to call the SGPLOT procedure to create ODS graphs of data that are in SAS/IML vectors and matrices. I also showed how to create a SAS/IML module that hides the details and enables you […]

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