Regarding this horrible Table 4:
Eric Loken writes:
The clear point or your post was that p-values (and even worse the significance versus non-significance) are a poor summary of data.
The thought I’ve had lately, working with various groups of really smart and thoughtful researchers, is that Table 4 is also a model of their mental space as they think about their research and as they do their initial data analyses. It’s getting much easier to make the case that Table 4 is not acceptable to publish. But I think it’s also true that Table 4 is actually the internal working model for a lot of otherwise smart scientists and researchers. That’s harder to fix!
Good point. As John Carlin and I wrote, we think the solution is not to reform p-values or to replace them with some other statistical summary or threshold, but rather to move toward a greater acceptance of uncertainty and embracing of variation.