# the riddle of the stands

May 10, 2018
By

(This article was originally published at R – Xi'an's Og, and syndicated at StatsBlogs.)

The simple riddle of last week on The Riddler, about the minimum number of urinals needed for n men to pee if the occupation rule is to stay as far as possible from anyone there and never to stand next to another man,  is quickly solved by an R code:

ocupee=function(M){
ok=rep(0,M)
ok[1]=ok[M]=1
ok[trunc((1+M/2))]=1
while (max(diff((1:M)[ok!=0])>2)){
i=order(-diff((1:M)[ok!=0]))[1]
ok[(1:M)[ok!=0][i]+trunc((diff((1:M)[ok!=0])[i]/2))]=1
}
return(sum(ok>0))
}

with maximal occupation illustrated by the graph below:

Meaning that the efficiency of the positioning scheme is not optimal when following the sequential positioning, requiring $N+2^{\lceil log_2(N-1) \rceil}$ urinals. Rather than one out of two, requiring 2N-1 urinals. What is most funny in this simple exercise is the connection exposed in the Riddler with an Xkcd blag written a few years go about the topic.

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