# Guest Post: ROB TIBSHIRANI

December 21, 2012
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(This article was originally published at Normal Deviate, and syndicated at StatsBlogs.)

GUEST POST: ROB TIBSHIRANI

Today we have a guest post by my good friend Rob Tibshirani. Rob has a list of nine great statistics papers. (He is too modest to include his own papers.) Have a look and let us know what papers you would add to the list. And what machine learning papers would you add? Enjoy.

9 Great Statistics papers published after 1970
Rob Tibshirani

I was thinking about influential and awe-inspiring papers in Statistics and thought it would be fun to make a list. This list will show my bias in favor of practical work, and by its omissions, my ignorance of many important subfields of Statistics. I hope that others will express their own opinions.

1. Regression models and life tables (with discussion) (Cox 1972). A beautiful and elegant solution to an extremely important practical problem. Has had an enormous impact in medical science. David Cox deserves the Nobel Prize in Medicine for this work.
2. Generalized linear models (Nelder and Wedderburn 1972). Formulated the class of generalized regression models for exponential family distributions. Provided the framework for the {\tt glim} package and the S and R modelling languages.
3. Maximum Likelihood from Incomplete Data via the {EM} Algorithm (with discussion) (Dempster, Laird, and Rubin 1977). Brought together many related ideas for dealing with missing or messy data, in one conceptually simple and powerful framework.
4. Bootstrap methods: another look at the jackknife (Efron 1979). Introduced one of the first computer-intensive statistical tools. Widely used in many scientific fields
5. Classification and regression trees (Breiman, Friedman, Olshen and Stone 1984). Not a paper, but a book. Among the first proposals for data mining to demonstrate the power of a detailed practical implementation of a method, including cross-validation for model selection
6. How biased is the error rate of a prediction rule? (Efron 1986). Greatly advanced our understanding of training and test error rates, and overfitting and ways to deal with them.
7. Sampling based approaches to calculating marginal densities (Gelfand and Smith 1990). Buidling on earlier work by Geman and Geman, Tanner and Wong, and others, this paper developed a simple and elegant sampling-based method for estimating marginal densities. Huge impact on Bayesian work
8. Controlling the false discovery rate: a practical and powerful approach to multiple testing (Benjamini and Hochberg 1995). Introduced the FDR and a selection procedure whose FDR is controlled at a given level. Enormously influential in the modern age of high-dimensional data.
9. A decision-theoretic generalization of online learning and an application to boosting (Freund and Schapire 1995). Not a statistics paper per se, but one that introduced one of the most powerful supervised learning methods and changed the way that many of us thought about the prediction problem.

Benjamini, Y. and Hochberg, Y. (1995). Controlling the false discovery rate: a practical and powerful approach to multiple testing. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B., 85, 289-300.

Breiman, L. and Friedman, J. and Olshen, R. and Stone, C. (1984). Classification and Regression Trees, Wadsworth, New York.

Cox, D.R. (1972). Regression models and life tables (with discussion). J. Royal. Statist. Soc. B., 74, 187-220.

Dempster, A., Laird, N and Rubin, D. (1977). Maximum Likelihood from Incomplete Data via the {EM} Algorithm (with discussion). Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, 39, 1-38.

Efron, B. (1979). Bootstrap methods: another look at the jackknife. Annals of Statistics, 7, 1-26.

Efron, B. (1986). How biased is the apparent error rate of a prediction rule? Journal of the American Statistical Association, 81, 461-470.

Freund, Y. and Schapire, R. (1997). A decision-theoretic generalization of online learning and an application to boosting. Journal of Computer and System Sciences, 55, 119-139.

Gelfand, A. and Smith, A. (1990). Sampling based approaches to calculating marginal densities. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 85, 398-409.

Nelder, J.A. and Wedderburn, R.W. (1972). Generalized linear models. J. Royal Statist. Soc. B., 135, 370-384.

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