Lecture 9: R looks for the values of names in the current environment; if it cannot find a value, it looks for the name in the environment which spawned this one, and so on up the tree to the common, global environment. Assignment is modifying the name/value association list which represents the environment. The scope of a name is limited by the current environment. Implications: changes within the current scope do not propagate back to the larger environments; changes in the larger environment do propagate to all smaller ones which it encloses, unless over-ridden by local names. Subtlety: the larger environment for a function is the one in which it was defined, not the one in which it is called. Some implications for design. Examination of the last homework from this stance.
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